The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is an international treaty established in 1992 at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro. Its primary goal is to promote the conservation of biodiversity, the sustainable use of its components, and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from genetic resources. The CBD aims to address the […]

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is an international treaty established in 1992 with the goal of addressing the global issue of climate change. It provides a framework for negotiating and implementing measures to mitigate climate change and adapt to its impacts. The convention emphasizes the principle of common but differentiated resp

The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) is a significant global initiative that focuses on addressing the complex challenges presented by desertification, land degradation, and drought. By promoting international collaboration, advocating for sustainable land management techniques, and empowering local communities, the convention plays a pivota

The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) is an international treaty that defines the rights and responsibilities of countries regarding the use and conservation of the world’s oceans and their resources. It was adopted in 1982 and has been signed and ratified by a large number of countries. UNCLOS establishes rules […]

Somalia’s inaugural National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP) is aimed to establish a strategic framework for the systematic rehabilitation and conservation of the country’s biodiversity. It aims to promote sustainable utilization of biodiversity services and products while ensuring equitable distribution of benefits and responsibilities among

Somalia is facing significant challenges due to climate change and its associated variability. The country is highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, such as frequent and severe droughts and floods, which are compounding the existing fragility of the nation. In the absence of effective and well-coordinated response measures, these climate change effects ar

The Kyoto Protocol is a legally binding agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in order to mitigate the effects of climate change. The protocol was adopted in 1997 and went into effect in 2005. Under the protocol, industrialized countries, known as Annex 1 […]