On 6th November 2023, at a very colourful launching ceremony hosted by SIMAD University, The Institute of Climate and Environment (ICE Institute) was unveiled with the presence of senior officials from the office of the President of Somalia, Ministry of Environment and Climate Change, Ministry of Planning, investment and economic development and development organizati

The information contained in this Initial National Communication to the UNFCCC includes; national circumstances influencing climate change actions, the steps taken to implement the convention, the national inventory of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removal by sinks of all greenhouse gases (GHGs) not controlled by the Montreal Protocol, actions taken, informat

Somalia’s Adaptation Communication (AdCom) is a report designed to reflect the country’s adaptation progress, priorities, and needs going forward. The purpose of the AdCom is to: i) strengthen adaptation action and enhance resilience to the impacts of climate change; ii) increase the visibility and profile of adaptation globally and nationally; iii) improve learni

Somalia’s First Biennial Update Report (BUR) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC). In accordance with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Federal Republic of Somalia is hereby submitting its First Biennial Update Report (BUR). The report f

The Federal Republic of Somalia recognizes the urgent need to address the pressing challenges posed by climate change. As a nation in the Horn of Africa, Somalia is acutely vulnerable to the impacts of a changing climate, including extreme weather events, rising sea levels, and disruptions to its ecosystems. To confront these challenges and pave […]

After decades of conflict, Somalia has taken steps towards long-term peace. The country has crafted a National Development Plan as a basis for future plans and policy developments. Against this background, the National Environment Policy is a response to our national commitment to a clean environment, mandated in the Provisional Constitution under Articles 25, 45, [&h

Summary of the Study This summary provides an overview of the key findings and insights from a study that examines the intricate relationship between climate change, environmental degradation, and conflict in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The study focuses on the vulnerabilities of SSA countries, particularly their susceptibility to climate-induced conflicts, and the adve